The medical definition of neurosis is disorder and dysfunction of the central nervous system. Such a concept means, there are no irreversible changes in the body in neurotic disorders, hence it is possible to treat them successfully.
Typically, such disorders occur after stresses, psychological trauma (conflict in the family and at work, the loss of a loved one, illness of relatives, financial problems, etc.). Disorder within oneself may also be a cause of neurosis – the impossibility of self-actualization and dissatisfaction with one’s social situation.
Characteristic symptoms for all neurotic disorders are increased fatigue, a chronic feeling of weariness, mood swings, lethargy, blood pressure fluctuations, appetite disorders, drowsiness and insomnia, loss of interest in one’s work and apathy.
Of the symptoms listed, most are known to many people, so they rarely seek medical attention, much less a specialist psychiatrist, writing off all of these symptoms simply to stress and malaise. There is a very important rule: if after suffering from stress symptoms do not disappear within a month, you need to seriously think about your health.
Signs and symptoms of neuroses
Specialists count more than four hundred phobias (a disorder associated with any fear).
The most common is agoraphobia, the fear of being alone in crowds of people or in open spaces. Patients suffering from agoraphobia make up almost half of all patients with neurotic disorders.
This neurosis is characterized by anxiety, a feeling of increasing danger. A large number of unpleasant symptoms appear: muscle tension, trembling in the knees, weakness in the body, increased blood pressure, palpitations, tightness in the chest, dizziness, pain in the head, muscles and stomach.
At its worst, neurosis progresses to a state where an acute panic attack occurs. Such a condition is very harmful to the body, although it does not pose a real threat to life and health. During the attack, a huge amount of adrenaline is released into the blood (as with severe stress), the person is horrified, he believes that he will go crazy, that he will have a stroke or heart attack.
The patient calls an ambulance, but doctors are not always able to orientate and determine the neurosis symptoms of treatment and the patient ends up with neurologists and cardiologists instead of psychotherapists and psychiatrists. Naturally, the treatment doesn’t help and people no longer seek help from medicine, but go to quack healers.
There are also neuroses of the heart, stomach, gastrointestinal tract, and genitourinary system.
Consequences of neurosis
If there is no treatment for neurosis, its most serious consequence is the neurotic development of personality.
People who suffer from it have a number of similar psychological traits. First of all, this is an increased vulnerability and resentfulness, self-centeredness, and excessive attention to his health. The person is completely immersed in the disease, his quality of life suffers, he feels miserable.
However, with the right diagnosis, neuroses can be successfully treated. In mild forms, it may be enough to observe the daily routine, properly alternate rest and exercise, provide a nutritious diet and take sedative medications and herbs under medical supervision.
In severe forms, obligatory treatment of the patient in a hospital is required. Particular attention should be paid to such a disease in children. The child’s personality is still quite immature, so neglected neuroses in children can lead to much more serious consequences. The smaller the child, the more damage neuroses can do to their physical health.