These are the results of a recent large-scale study by American psychologists. Moreover, the lie could be any and about anything. People could talk complete nonsense, but if they do it with the appropriate facial expressions (with a serious face), people around them perceived it as the truth, because they thought speakers are more intelligent and educated people.
According to researchers, this fact shows the need for intelligence to navigate social systems. A convincingly told lie helps a person to coordinate his or her own social world.
What does intellect have to do with what we say?
Human intelligence has been studied for hundreds of years, but is still largely a mystery to researchers. It is actively studied in psychology and other disciplines. Researchers are trying to understand why humans have developed good intellectual capabilities, while their closest relatives (primates) and other animals have no such effect in principle.
Some theories hold that intelligence assisted humans in the formation of complex social systems. This is what largely helped to create the existing world and to establish this level of general progress. Researchers note the value of people with high intelligence to society. Psychologists emphasize that we often do not try in principle to make direct statements about our own thinking abilities. But people have developed clear schemes for signaling to others.
In their opinion: the ability to talk nonsense with a serious face is one of the ways to minimize personal energy expenditure. It is one way to let people know your intentions (whether true or false), as well as a way to show your own high intellectual abilities without expending a lot of thought and physical resources.
Researchers point out that people can subconsciously use the ability to tell a lie with a serious look to gain an advantage in some real competition. And it is most often used where the main criterion is the ability to impress other people.
What is the basis for such conclusions?
To confirm their theoretical conclusions, the researchers gathered several groups of students. Some were asked to tell outright nonsense and lies, while others were asked to listen carefully to their theories.
During their work, the researchers found that students who could talk nonsense with a smart face were perceived by others as more intellectually advanced. Researchers also established another important point. They proved that the ability to tell blatant lies does not affect the willingness to accept such information in principle.
Lying is a sign of intellect
According to experts in psychology: Lying is a subtle and masterful game of the human mind. To lie means to influence with words, facial expressions, played out situations, an appropriate smile, or a correct gesture a person’s ideas about himself and the world and to penetrate into his personal space.
Lying is a kind of intellectual achievement, allowing you to try on another person’s thoughts and ideas. In order to lie successfully, one must not only be intelligent and knowledgeable about the subject, but also do so subtly and with respect for another person’s identity.
Ostentatious honesty or outright lying is often accompanied by suspicious intonations, unusual facial expressions, or gestures that we cannot control. The one who tells an untruth knows exactly what he wants to say, and does not have to choose his expressions. On the contrary, a thoughtful, intelligent lie is comparable to the performance of a good actor in the theater. A skilled liar must have extensive knowledge of the subject and an understanding of the audience’s tastes. All this requires a well-developed intellect.
Does this mean that we should learn to lie better?
Statistics tell us that only 6% of people tell the truth all the time, 8% use lies all the time, 26% of people tell lies daily, 28% tell untruths a couple of times a year, and 32% a few times a month. It’s just that no one will admit it. 🙂
There are many situations in which lying is unavoidable. As a rule, people lie for good:
- At a time when it is necessary to cheer a person up during an illness. This is a necessary procedure to keep the person resisting and fighting for their health;
- During communication with children. In order not to traumatize a child’s psyche, it is better to withhold things sometimes;
- If you don’t want your family to be upset or disappointed in you. Sometimes it’s best not to talk about all your problems;
- If you do not want to unleash conflict with your loved ones. Because the truth is not always pleasant and can lead to a quarrel;
- If you communicate with someone on social networks, the Internet. You do not tell the whole truth to keep you safe;
- If you want to cheer up someone.
Such lies are harmless. By supporting loved ones, you can show your solidarity so as not to spoil your relationship with them.
Twisting the truth, hiding certain events and actions, presenting oneself in a better light – this is the norm nowadays. Often adults scold children “for lying,” while they themselves often lie and embellish. So it is quite normal? This is confirmed by experts. In this age, fit into society without the ability to hide much, “present” itself in the best light is unreal.
Lies (or rather the concealment of facts and the withholding of the truth) are constantly present in our lives. There are no crystal-clear people, just as there are no “total liars”.
For modern man, lying is a means of protection. It is necessary for progress in relationships, in career, in personal development. But this does not mean that we should live with the attitude “I should never tell the truth”. Actually, we always tell the truth, but we do it in different ways: in a rough form or more subtly, in parts, by hints and reticences. The only difference is in strategies.
Telling the truth directly to the face is possible only in a favorable psychological environment for listener, when his emotional state allows it, and this is rare situtation. This is why our culture itself pushes us to deception and thus forces us to invent new things, especially in poetry, painting, literature and art in general.