Hyperactivity of adults is a condition that actively affects concentration, memory and behavior. Symptoms include inattention, impulsivity, excessive mobility and lack of attention.
It is a condition that often affects workaholics and is difficult to diagnose. Experienced professionals are able to diagnose hyperactivity syndrome in childhood, but it is not always possible to identify it due to the peculiarities of each personality. Thus, many adults do not even suspect the presence of the problem.
Our activity: where is the edge of excess?
The exact cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults is unknown, but it has been noted that the condition often manifests on a genetic level. Research in clinical psychology also demonstrates differences in patients’ brain activity.
There are also a number of possible factors that can affect the occurrence of the syndrome:
- Prematurity of the infant. Early birth;
- Low birth weight;
- Abuse of alcohol, smoking, drugs during pregnancy.
A common misconception remains that energetic children outgrow hyperactivity syndrome. In fact, there is no period of quiescence, as symptoms also manifest in adulthood. Among students, there is a tendency for poor academic performance due to an inability to concentrate on academic material, leading to difficulty in obtaining an education.
Hyperactivity among adults people is ubiquitous regardless of intellectual ability and communication skills. Neurobehavioral disorder affects a person’s daily functioning in a variety of settings. The syndrome is pronounced in personal relationships, where patients complain about their partner’s infantilization, as well as in society, where colleagues, friends and acquaintances seem to be too slow.
It is important to adhere to the right treatment that will help you fit into society’s norms later on. Strategies are being developed to treat hyperactivity in adults to cope with life’s difficulties, problems and contingencies that await at every corner.
How does excessive activity affect our health?
Genetic predisposition is one of the popular causes of the disorder, but not the only one. It is more correct to point out that hyperactivity in an adult is influenced by a combination of factors rooted in different characteristics.
Current research shows a number of differences in brain activity between people with the disorder and those without the disorder. The scans that have been performed show a decrease in some areas and, conversely, an increase in others. This is primarily due to the fact that the syndrome indicates an existing imbalance in the level of neurotransmitters in the brain, which leads to insufficient functioning of chemicals in the human body.
Some groups of people are thought to be at greater risk of hyperactivity in adulthood, especially if they have other problems:
- Anxiety Disorder. Stressful situations make you anxious, nervous, and increase your heart rate, causing dizziness, sweating, or physical changes in the form of exhaustion with insufficient rigor to eat regularly;
- Oppositional defiant disorder. It is a negative, impulsive behavior. Appears particularly toward authority figures: parents, superiors, supervisor, mentor, dean;
- Conduct disorder. Anti-social actions contrary to moral norms. People prone to disruptive behavior often involve theft, fighting, vandalism, and may also cause physical harm to a person or animal;
- Depression. Depressed state, apathy, indifference to the experiences around you;
- Problems with sleep. Inability to relax, insomnia;
- Autism spectrum disorder. It affects social interaction, communication, interests and behavior;
- Bronchial hyperactivity syndrome. Occurs more frequently in adults than in children. A characteristic sign is a constant cough, especially in the summer. If the bronchi are not working properly, not only oxygen enters them, but also dust and substances that irritate the mucous membranes are deposited;
- Epilepsy. A condition in which there is an effect on brain processes. A person may experience uncontrollable seizures or faint;
- Tourette’s syndrome. A disorder in the nervous system characterized by constant motor tics and involuntary noises. For example, a person may jerk his or her head, whistle, or swear unrestrainedly at the same time;
- Difficulties in learning the documents and information. Dyslexia is inability to concentrate on reading or writing down words so that in the process the letters are not mixed up.
If one or more factors are present, the risk of being diagnosed with adult hyperactivity syndrome increases. A specialist should be consulted to identify the disorder. Treatment is prescribed on an individual basis.
Signs (symptoms) of the disease
The main symptoms of hyperactivity syndrome in adults are inattention, excessive energy and impulsiveness.
Often they go beyond the limit of acceptable possibilities and severely fatigue the human body, as well as those around them, causing headaches, apathy or satiety. At the same time, the patient’s activity can abruptly turn into an aggressive mood. Some clinical psychologists mistakenly attribute the syndrome to bipolar disorder, which is characterized by similar features.
The symptoms of hyperactivity of adults should be studied in more detail in order to ascertain the presence of the disease. Examples of inattention include:
- Inability to concentrate on a task for long periods of time;
- Poor attention to detail;
- Disorganization (for example, inability to keep a journal or diary on a regular basis);
- Absent-mindedness, forgetfulness;
- Rapidly switching attention from one thing to another;
- Putting things off;
- Unreliable work habits;
- Indifference to planning meetings, frequent postponements;
- Getting things done at the last moment: force majeure, the night before a deadline;
- Dreaminess, immersion into an imaginary world;
- Inability to manage own time wisely.
There are known cases when signs of hyperactivity in adults did not prevent them from focusing on hobbies and hobbies, but inattention returned at the moment when interest in the activity disappeared. Boredom is the main motivator to switch attention to another object, therefore inconstancy in leisure activities was also revealed.
Often, people with hyperactive disorder are prone to impulsive actions, such as:
- Inability to listen to the end;
- Leaving things and work before they are finished;
- Inability to calculate the consequences of their actions;
- Constantly running out of money because of unexpected expenses;
- Taking on too many tasks in order to prove superiority;
- Frequent job changes due to boredom and monotony;
- Drug or alcohol use;
- Excessive temperamental character, including irritability, rapid transition to a state of aggression.
The symptoms of hyperactivity in adults are manifested in the following signs:
- Anxiety, frequent worrying;
- Lack of a sense of danger;
- Quick thoughts, inability to relax before going to sleep in a stressful situation or problem;
- Lack of long concentration on one subject;
- Inability to stand in lines and wait;
- Continuous conversations, inability to keep secrets.
It is not uncommon for a person experiencing all of the above problems to have difficulty interacting socially with others. Constant stressful situations, the desire to put in rigid frames and forcibly teach discipline is perceived by the patient impulsively. Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to the recommendations of a specialist: to undergo therapy or take medication.
Are there any positive aspects of hyperactivity?
Hyperactivity in human behavior in society is “not colored exclusively by dark colors”, but has a some of advantages:
- High energy;
- Creative approach to problem solving;
- Increased empathy, intuition and insight;
- Good sense of humor;
- An entrepreneurial spirit;
- Limitless persistence;
- Good concentration on favorite work / activity / hobby.
How is the increased activity of person (hyperactivity) determined?
There is no single test that indicates hyperactivity of adults, but with the help of an experienced specialist you can find out whether or not you have the disorder. The diagnostic process may consist of one or more approaches:
- Psychological tests. Determine thinking patterns, type of temperament, and propensity for disruptive behavior;
- Questions about childhood. Freud asserted that in the first years of life, a number of distinctive features can be detected and the causes of innate or acquired moral traumas can be identified;
- Conducting an interview with a partner, close friend, or parent about the patient’s behavior;
- Physical examination. Includes cardiac testing, blood tests and cortical scans.
It is not uncommon for diagnosis to indicate the presence of hyperactivity in a person’s early years. However, incompetence of specialists or inattention of parents puts the adult in front of the shocking reality many years later.
Thus, the syndrome affects various spectrums of life, including:
- Difficulties in relationships with loved ones or lack of friends;
- Unsuccessful work or study;
- Dangerous situations while driving;
- Difficulties in love. Constant change of partners.
It is important to keep in mind that if there are several signs of hyperactivity in adults, the disorder should not necessarily be diagnosed. Only with an individual approach, taking into account all the features of the personality, can an objective conclusion be made about the condition.
Despite such a huge list of symptoms, it is not recommended to diagnose yourself and try to get rid of the disorder on your own. It is better to consult specialists.
Methods of treatment
Medicine has long advanced, and today’s experts in clinical psychology boast limitless practice experience under their belt. With insight into similar situations accumulated over the centuries, they have developed a number of effective methods to learn how to treat hyperactivity in adults and help them enjoy life.
Medications are recognized as the most effective because they can reduce impulsivity, help focus attention, and reduce energy levels. Studies show patient improvement in two out of three cases. However, a person may be denied medication because of a history of substance or drug abuse. Worried about a recurrence, doctors resort to other techniques.
Approaches to managing hyperactivity in adults often include a combination of methods. The patient is simultaneously referred for behavioral therapy and a prescription for medications. Treatment is based solely on individual concerns:
- Relaxation training and stress management (reduces anxiety and tension);
- Individual cognitive and behavioral therapy (to improve self-esteem);
- Mentoring. Helps maintain business relationships and improves performance in the workplace;
- Interpersonal therapy (for solving family problems);
- Teaching a person strategies for organizing home and work activities.
When the early stages of hyperactivity are identified, behavior can be managed as quickly as possible, but if ignored, the degree of difficulty of the disorder can increase and treatment can take many years. With quick intervention, adults can get rid of psychological difficulties and emotional outbursts.
What to do if hyperactivity does not pass?
The first thing experts advise is not to get upset: life does not stand still, and just because you have a mental disorder does not mean that you should not move forward. Experts in the field of clinical psychology provide a number of tips to help you not to give up and reduce the manifestation of symptoms:
- Clearly plan your day. Scheduling your to-do’s helps you focus on getting things done. A list of required responsibilities may seem like a pointless exercise, but it helps to know what to expect in the present moment. For example, a person needs to create a project, but only with structured steps will he be able to complete the task as efficiently as possible;
- Create a system of rewards for yourself. The main sources of treatment are motivation and praise. The patient is advised to tune in to positive behavior and reward himself with purchases, favorite activities that will not harm his health. For example, it could be a trip to the cinema or a walk in a favorite park. Even for completing one of the items in the diary, it is important not to forget to say to yourself a simple “well done”;
- Start doing sports exercises. Physical activity is an effective way to reduce hyperactivity during the day. By devoting at least half an hour a day to exercise, a person can not only use extra energy, but also improve tone, pump up muscles and normalize sleep quality. Sport implies moderate activity and therefore, while exercising, one should not exceed one’s own physical capabilities;
- Start eating on a schedule and following diet. Caffeine and other nervous system stimulants should be eliminated. Certain foods also have a similar effect, toning the mind and increasing energy. It is recommended to make a balanced, healthy menu. Specialists advise to get a notebook, where a person will write down the main foods that he ate during the day;
- Don’t be nervous before going to bed. It is not uncommon for people with hyperactivity to suffer from insomnia because they cannot calm down. Noisy parties, computer games, or watching an action movie have a negative effect on rest. Patients are advised to stick to a routine a few hours before bedtime and to go to bed and get up at the same time.
In today’s world, hyperactivity is not a verdict for anyone. By following the advice of experts in the field of clinical psychology, correctly diagnosed and adhering to a course of treatment, it is possible to live with the disorder and get rid of it in the future.